Category Archives: Pawestren


Pawestren is a women’s prayer space that is commonly found in Javanese mosques, Indonesia. The word pawestren or paestren stems from the Javanese wordestri, which means woman, to signify the women’s prayer space in the mosque. Several areas named it pedokan (from the wordwedok) or pawadonan (fromwadon), all of which have a similar meaning to pawestren. G. F. Pijper in Fragmenta Islamica: Studien over het Islamisme in Nederlandsch-Indie (1934) identifies that the pawestren is an essential element in Javanese mosques and has existed for centuries.

The Pawestren of Masjid Gedhe Kauman (Yogyakarta)

MasjidGedheKaumanMasjid Gedhe Kauman (The Grand Mosque of Kauman) is the state mosque of the Yogyakarta Sultanate (1755-1945). The mosque was built in 1773 (1699 Alip AJ or 1187 Hijri) by Sultan Hamengkubuwono I (1755-1792) and designed by the palace architect KRT. Wiryakusuma and supervised by Kyai Pengulu KRT. Faqih Ibrahim Dipaningrat.

The pawestren of Masjid Gedhe Kauman was built under the reign of Sultan Hamengkubuwono V (1828-1855) in 1839. The inscription above the main door to thepawestren mentions that the room was intended for women’s Friday prayer.

Source: The mosque’s inscriptions, Babad Ngayogyakarta, Babad Momana.